Every couple will certainly be happy when getting pregnant. Various methods will be used to ensure that the fetus is born safely and grows into a healthy child. So, how to maintain a pregnancy that can be done? Check out how to maintain a complete young pregnancy below.
How to Maintain Pregnancy
When a woman experiences pregnancy at a young age, then her health must be maintained properly. The period of young pregnancy is a phase that tends to be confusing because there are so many natural symptoms that can make couples feel worried.
Here are ways to keep pregnancy that must be known, including:
1. Fulfilling nutritional needs
The first and most important way to maintain a pregnancy is to meet the nutritional needs of the fetus. Eating nutritious food during pregnancy is associated with good fetal brain development, healthy birth weight, which reduces the risk of a baby being born deformed.
A balanced diet will also reduce the risk of pregnant women having anemia, as well as general pregnancy symptoms such as fatigue and morning sickness. Good nutrition is able to balance mood swings and make labor smooth.
A balanced pregnancy diet includes foods that contain; protein, vitamin C, calcium fruits, vegetables, whole grains, iron-rich foods, enough fat, and folic acid.
2. Increase weight
How to maintain pregnancy this one often makes many women doubt. Many women worry about how much weight they will gain during pregnancy.
If your body weight is within the normal range before becoming pregnant, it is recommended that you gain 11-15 kg of body weight. It is important to discuss and monitor body weight and nutritional needs with the doctor during pregnancy
Weight gain recommendations will vary for women who are underweight before pregnancy, women who are obese, or women who have multiple pregnancies.
3. Avoiding some food and drinks
To protect the mother and fetus from bacterial or parasitic infections such as listeriosis, make sure that all milk or cheese is pasteurized. Also, avoid consumption of foods that are not yet ripe. If you or someone in your family has a history of allergies, talk with your doctor about what foods to avoid.
4. Consumption of prenatal vitamins
Most of the nutrients needed during pregnancy come from food, but please also note that prenatal vitamin supplements play an important role. In some cases, pregnant women often find it difficult to plan three meals a day full of nutrients, so they need vitamin supplements, one of which is folic acid.
Folic acid (folate) is a B vitamin that is very important for pregnant women. Folic acid supplementation taken several weeks before pregnancy and during the first 12 weeks of pregnancy has been shown to reduce the risk of having a child with spina bifida, a birth defect characterized by the formation of gaps or defects in the spine and nerves of the baby’s spine.
Most prenatal vitamins contain 1 milligram of folic acid. Talk to your obstetrician before you start taking prenatal vitamins. The doctor can help to decide what type of vitamin is best for consumption.
Doing light exercise is something that is very good for pregnant women. Mild exercise has proven beneficial for both mother and baby. Exercising 30 minutes a day is proven to help blood circulation, strengthen muscles, reduce back pain, overcome constipation, increase energy and reduce stress.
However, it is important to consult a doctor before starting any exercise program, especially if you are in a high-risk category. If you were not physically active before becoming pregnant, consult your obstetrician about what exercise you can do during pregnancy.
Jogging and swimming is one way to maintain pregnancy because it can stimulate the heart and lungs as well as muscle and joint activity. In addition, squatting and Kegel exercises can also be added to your exercise routine.
Kegel exercises focus on the muscles of the vagina and perineum. This exercise is done in the same way as a woman stopping and starting urinating.
The period of time the muscles contract can be increased over time because muscle control becomes easier. Kegel exercises are believed to help women maintain good muscle tone and control the perineum, which can help in smooth and recovery after delivery.
6.No smoking and alcohol consumption and limit caffeine consumption
How to keep the next young pregnancy that is often difficult to let go of is to eliminate certain habits. Making good lifestyle choices will directly impact the health of the developing fetus.
Tips to maintain pregnancy include: stop smoking, stop consuming alcohol, stay away from the use of illegal drugs, and limit caffeine consumption. Some of these have been linked to serious complications for both mother and fetus.
Smoking can affect blood flow and oxygen delivery to the fetus, so this habit can interfere with its growth.
Smoking is the most common cause of low birth weight, death and the appearance of the disease in the first few weeks of life. Smoking is also associated with various pregnancy complications, including vaginal bleeding, ectopic pregnancy, placental abruption, and preterm labor.
While drinking alcohol during pregnancy is associated with various problems in the fetus such as fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS). FAS can cause the fetus to be born with low weight and abnormalities in the central nervous system.
Alcohol consumption during pregnancy can also cause complications, such as miscarriage, premature labor, and stillbirth.
Besides cigarettes and alcohol, another important thing that pregnant women should know is to limit caffeine intake, it aims to avoid the risk of miscarriage and other problems.
7. Drink more water
During pregnancy, your blood supplies oxygen and essential nutrients to the fetus through the placenta and takes waste and carbon dioxide out – which makes the blood volume increase by 50 percent to handle all this extra activity.
Therefore, you need to drink more to support all of these activities. Adequate water consumption can also help prevent constipation, hemorrhoids, UTIs, fatigue, headaches, swelling, and other symptoms of uncomfortable pregnancy. Try to consume at least 8-10 glasses of water per day, but if you don’t enjoy the taste, try adding the lime juice.
8. Go to a special spa for pregnant women
Pregnancy is the best time for women to pamper themselves. However, the important thing to note is that pregnant women should avoid saunas. Soaking in 38 degrees Celsius for 10-20 minutes is a safe limit for pregnant women.
In addition, certain essential oils can cause uterine contractions, especially during the first and second trimesters, so ask a massage therapist to make sure that using essential oils is safe for pregnant women.
9. Good sleep position
Entering the third trimester, try to get used to sleeping sideways. Sleeping on your side reduces the risk of health problems in the fetus compared to sleeping on your back. Pressure on large blood vessels, namely the aorta and inferior vena cava can increase if the pregnant woman sleeps on her back. This pressure can inhibit blood circulation to the body of the mother and fetus.
10. Improve communication with a partner
The last and easiest way to maintain a pregnancy is to improve communication with your partner. Express all problems and expectations honestly. Talking about this will increase your sense of togetherness with your partner.
After successfully increasing your sense of togetherness, choose the right time to have sex. If the pregnancy is in good condition, you do not need to worry about sexual activity against the fetus because the fetus is protected by sacs and amniotic fluid, cervical fluid, and uterine muscles.
Well, those are some ways to maintain pregnancy that must be known to pregnant women.